3 | Table of Contents
| For Signs and Seasons
The Witness of the Stars
E. W. Bullinger
The Third Book
(His Second Coming)
"The glory that should follow"
Sign Leo (The Lion)
39. Leo (the Lion)
Here we come to the end of the circle.
We began with VIRGO, and we end with LEO. No one who has followed our interpretation
can doubt that we have here the solving of the Riddle of the Sphinx. For
its Head is VIRGO and its Tail is LEO!
In LEO we reach the end of the Revelation
as inspired in the Word of God; and it is the end as written in the heavens.
BAILLY (Astronomy) says, "the Zodiac
must have been first divided when the sun at the summer solstice was in
1o Virgo, where the woman's head joins the Lion's tail."
As to its antiquity there can be no doubt.
JAMIESON says, "the Lion does not seem to have been placed among the Zodiacal
symbols, because Hercules was fabled to have slain the Nemean Lion. It
would seem, on the contrary, that Hercules, who represented the Sun, was
said to have slain the Nemean Lion, because Leo, was already a Zodiacal
sign. Hercules flourished 3,000 years ago, and consequently posterior to
the period when the summer solstice accorded with Leo" (Celestial Atlas,
There is no confusion with this
sign. In the ancient Zodiacs of Egypt (Denderah, Esneh) and India we find
the Lion. The same occurs on the Mithraic monuments, where Leo is passant,
as he is in Moor's Hindu, and Sir William Jones's Oriental Zodiacs. In
Kircher's Zodiacs he is courrant (running); in the Egyptian Zodiacs
he is couchant (lying down).
In the Denderah Zodiac he is treading upon
a serpent, as shown in Mr Edward Cooper's Egyptian Scenery.
Its Egyptian name is Pi Mentekeon,
which means the pouring out. This is no pouring out or inundation
of the Nile, but it is the pouring out of the cup of Divine wrath on that
This is the one great truth of the closing
chapter of this last Book. It is
THE LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH AROUSED
FOR THE RENDING OF THE PREY.
His feet are over the head of Hydra,
the great Serpent, and just about to descend upon it and crush it.
The three constellations of the Sign complete
this final picture:
1. Hydra, the old Serpent destroyed.
2. Crater, the Cup of Divine wrath
poured out upon him.
3. Corvus, the Bird of prey devouring
The Denderah picture exhibits all four
in one. The Lion is presented treading down the Serpent. The Bird of prey
is also perched upon it, while below is a plumed female figure holding
out two cups, answering to Crater, the cup of wrath.
The hieroglyphics read Knem, and
are placed underneath. Knem means who conquers, or is
conquered, referring to the victory over the serpent. The woman's name
is Her-ua, great enemy, referring to the great enemy for which her
two cups are prepared and intended.
The Hebrew name of the sign is Arieh,
which means the Lion. There are six Hebrew words for Lion, * and
this one is used of the Lion hunting down his prey.
a lion's whelp.
The Syriac name is Aryo, the rending Lion,
and the Arabic is Al Asad; both mean a lion coming vehemently,
leaping forth as a flame!
a young lion when first hunting for himself.
a mature lion in full strength.
a fierce lion.
an adult lion, having paired, in search of his prey (Nahum 2:12; 2 Sam
17:10; Num 23:24).
It is a beautiful constellation of 95 stars,
two of which are of the 1st magnitude, two of the 2nd, six of the 3rd,
thirteen of the 4th.
The brightest star, a (on the Ecliptic),
marks the heart of the Lion (hence sometimes called by the moderns, Cor
Leonis, the heart of the Lion). Its ancient name is Regulus,
which means treading under foot. The next star, b, also of
the 1st magnitude (in the tip of the tail), is named Denebola, the Judge
or Lord who cometh. The star g (in the mane) is called Al
Giebha (Arabic), the exaltation. The star d (on the hinder
part of the back) is called Zosma, shining forth.
Other stars are named Sarcam (Hebrew),
the joining; intimating that here is the point where the two ends
of the Zodiacal circle have their joining. Another star has the
name of Minchir al Asad (Arabic), the punishing or tearing
of the Lion. Another is Deneb Aleced, the judge cometh who seizes.
And another is Al Dafera (Arabic), the enemy put down.
What can be more expressive? What can be
more eloquent? All is harmony, and all the names unite in pointing us to
what is written of "the Lion of the Tribe of Judah."
And why is Messiah thus called? Because
it is applied to Him in Revelation 5:5 in connection with His rising up
for judgment: and because the Lion is known to have been always borne upon
the standard of Judah, whether in the wilderness (Num 2) or in aftertimes.
In Israel's dying blessing the prophetic
words foretold of Judah:
"Thy hand shall be on the neck of thine
Judah is a lion's whelp;
From the prey, my son, thou art gone up.
He stooped down, he couched as a lion,
And as an old lion; who shall rouse him
Genesis 49:8, 9
In the prophecy of Balaam (Num 24:8,9),
"He shall eat up the nations his enemies,
And shall break their bones,
And pierce them through with his arrows,
He couched, he lay down as a lion,
And as a great lion; who shall stir him
The same testimony is borne by the Prophet
"Will a lion roar in the forest when he
hath no prey?
Will a young lion cry out of his den,
if he hath taken nothing?...
The lion hath roared, who will not fear?"
Amos 3:4, 8
When "the Lion of the tribe of Judah" is
roused up for the reading, the Spirit describes the scene in Isaiah 42:13:
"The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man,
He shall stir up jealousy like a man of
He shall cry, yea, roar;
He shall prevail against His enemies."
And this is what is meant and included
when the Elder says for John's comfort, "the Lion of the Tribe of Judah
hath prevailed," and hence, is "worthy...to receive power, and riches,
and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing" (Rev 5).
Whether we look, therefore, at the primeval
Revelation in the heavens, or at the later Revelation in the Word, the
story is one and the same.
And what we see of Leo and his work in
both, we find developed and described in the three constellations of the
HYDRA (The Serpent)
The old serpent destroyed
40. Hydra (the Serpent)
Crater (the Cup)
Corvus (the Raven)
The time has at length come for the fulfilment
of the many prophecies pictured in the heavens: and in its three final
constellations we see the consummation of them all in the complete destruction
of the Old Serpent, and all his seed, and all his works.
It is the special work of the Messiah,
as "the Lion of the tribe of Judah," to trample it under foot.
It is pictured as the female serpent
(Hydra), the mother and author of all evil. Hydra has the
significant meaning, he is abhorred!
It is an immense constellation extending
for above 100 degrees from east to west, beneath the Virgin, the Lion,
and the Crab. It is composed of 60 stars; one of the 2nd magnitude, three
of the 3rd, twelve of the 4th, etc.
The brightest star, a (in the heart
of the Serpent), is sometimes called by the moderns Cor Hydrae on
that account. Its ancient name is Al Phard (Arabic), which means
the separated, put away. Another is called Al Drian, the abhorred.
Another star is named Minchar al Sugia, the piercing of the deceiver.
There can be no doubt as to what is taught
by the constellation of Hydra, nor is it necessary to quote the Scriptures
concerning the destruction of the Serpent. We pass on to consider the second.
CRATER (The Cup)
The cup of divine wrath poured out upon Him
40. Hydra (the Serpent)
Crater (the Cup)
Corvus (the Raven)
"God is the Judge.
He putteth down one, and setteth up another,
FOR IN THE HAND OF THE LORD THERE IS A
And the wine is red; it is full of mixture,
And He poureth out of the same:
But the dregs thereof, all the wicked
of the earth shall wring them out and drink them."
"Upon the wicked he shall rain snares,
Fire and brimstone, and a horrible tempest:
THIS SHALL BE THE PORTION OF THEIR CUP."
This is no fabled wine-cup of Bacchus;
but it is "The cup of His indignation" (Rev 14:10); "The cup of the wine
of the fierceness of his wrath" (Rev 16:19). This is what we see set forth
in this constellation. The Cup is wide and deep, and fastened on by the
stars to the very body of the writhing serpent. The same stars which are
in the foot of the Cup form part of the body of Hydra, and are reckoned
as belonging to both constellations.
This Cup has the significant number of
thirteen stars (the number of Apostacy). The two--Al Ches
(a), which means the Cup, and (b)--determine the bottom
of the Cup.
CORVUS (The Raven)
The birds of prey devouring the serpent
40. Hydra (the Serpent)
Crater (the Cup)
Corvus (the Raven)
Here is the final scene of judgment. We
have had Zeeb, the Wolf; now we have Oreb, the Raven. Her-na
is its name in the Denderah Zodiac. Her, means the enemy;
and Na, means breaking up or failing. That is to say,
this scene represents the breaking up of the enemy.
There are nine stars (the number of judgment)
in this constellation. The bright star a (in the eye) is called
Al Chibar (Arabic), joining together, from the Hebrew Chiba
(Num 23:8), which means accursed. This star, then, tells of the
curse inflicted. The star b (in the right wing) is called Al
Goreb (Arabic), from Hebrew Oreb, the Raven. A third star is
named Minchar al Gorab (Arabic), and means the Raven tearing
This brings us to the end. There is nothing
beyond this. Nothing remains to be told. We know from the Word of God that--
"The eye that mocketh at his father,
And despiseth to obey his mother,
The ravens of the valley shall pick it
We remember how David said to the Giant
Goliath--a type of this enemy of God's people--"I will smite thee, and
take thy head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the
Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts
of the earth" (1 Sam 17:46).
When the great day of this judgment comes,
an angel standing in the sun will cry "to all the fowls that fly in the
midst of heaven, Come, and gather yourselves together unto the supper of
the great God; that ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains,
and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that
sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and
great" (Rev 19:17,18).
And after these awful words shall be fulfilled,
in the closing words of the prophecy of Isaiah, Jehovah foretells us how--
"They shall go forth, and look upon the
carcases of the men that have transgressed against Me;
For their worm shall not die,
Neither shall their fire be quenched;
And they shall be an abhorring unto all
This is the teaching of the whole Sign
of LEO! It is all summed up in Jeremiah 25:30-33
"Therefore prophesy against them all these
words, and say unto them,
The LORD shall roar from on high,
And utter His voice from His holy habitation;
He shall mightily roar upon His habitation;
He shall give a shout, as they that tread
Against all the inhabitants of the earth.
A noise shall come even to the ends of
For the LORD hath a controversy with the
He will plead with all flesh;
He will give them that are wicked to the
sword, saith the LORD.
Thus saith the LORD of hosts,
Behold, evil shall go forth from nation
And a great whirlwind shall be raised
up from the coasts of the earth.
And the slain of the LORD shall be at
that day from one end of the earth
Even to the other end of the earth;
They shall not be lamented, neither gathered,
They shall be dung upon the ground."
Here is the conclusion of the whole matter!
Here is the final triumph of the Son of Man in the consummated victory
of the Seed of the woman: "Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive
power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and
blessing" (Rev 5:12).
"O what a bright and blessed world
This groaning earth of ours will be,
When from its throne the tempter hurled,
Shall leave it all, O Lord, to Thee!
But brighter far that world above,
Where we, as we are known, shall know;
And, in the sweet embrace of love,
Reign o'er this ransomed earth below.
O blessed Lord! with longing eyes
That blissful hour we wait to see;
While every worm or leaf that dies
Tells of the curse, and calls for Thee.
Come, Saviour! Then o'er all below
Shine brightly from Thy throne above,
Bid heaven and earth Thy glory know,
And all creation feel Thy love."
Man has ever sought to rob Christ of His
glory. He has long since done his best to obliterate His name and His work
from the Revelation which had been written in the stars of light. When
He humbled Himself, and came as the promised Seed of the woman, men "saw
no beauty in Him that they should desire Him." And these were religious
men. It was religious men, not the common rabble, whom the Old Serpent
made use of to wound Him in the heel. The Devil could not touch Him himself;
he must use them as his instruments; and it was only religious men
that could be so used.
It was the "chief priests and scribes,"
men learned in the Scriptures, whose very knowledge of the Word was used
to compass His death amongst the babes at Bethlehem (Matt 2:4-6).
It was the same priests and scribes who
were used to put Him to death, and give the long-prophesied wound in the
Religion without Christ is enmity against
God! Knowledge of the Scriptures where the heart is not subject to Christ,
and where Christ is not seen in them, is powerless and lifeless. It is
true of the Scriptures, as it will be of the heavenly Jerusalem--"THE LAMB
IS THE LIGHT THEREOF" (Rev 21:23).
The Church of Rome has been used of the
great enemy to rob the Lamb of God of His promised glory. JEROME, in his
Latin translation of the Bible (405 AD), wrote "ipse," HE, in Genesis
3:15, as the "bruiser of the serpent's head." And, in spite of the fact
that JEROME himself so quotes it in his commentary, and that it is masculine
in all the other ancient translations of the Bible, Rome has first corrupted
JEROME's Vulgate by changing the "e" into "a," and putting "ipsa"
(she) instead of "ipse" (He); then she has so translated this corruption
and perpetuated this perversion in various languages! So that in all her
versions, in her pictures and statues, in the decree of Pope Pius IX, which
promulgated the dogma of the "immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary,"
this lie of the Old Serpent has been foisted on unnumbered thousands of
deluded souls, who have thereby been deceived into putting Mary in the
place of Jesus; the "co-Redemptress" in the place of the Redeemer; the
creature in the place of the Creator; the woman in the place of the woman's
Seed;--until the outcome is reached by emblazoning, in huge gilt letters,
on the outside of a large church in Rathmines, Dublin, "MARIAE PECCATORUM
REFUGIUM," to Mary the Refuge of Sinners!
So complete has been the success of the
subtlety of the Serpent, that he has beguiled thousands of Protestants
to unite in circulating these corrupted versions as the Word of God,
thus giving currency to the Devil's lie. This is done on the plea of expediency,
in order that these versions might come to many as Protestant truth instead
of Popish error; but thus misleading those who were seeking for light,
while confirming Papists in their darkness.
But through all the "wisdom of the Serpent"
we can detect his lie. It is very thinly veiled, and the Old Serpent has
not succeeded in blinding the eyes which the Spirit of God has opened.
True, we see in all Rome's pictures and statues the foot of Mary on the
Serpent's head, but the foot is not coming down, nor is the head
crushed! Rather is the woman's foot resting on its head; and the
woman herself supported by the Serpent.
The whole system of Mary-anity is thus
seen to be the outcome of the Serpent's wisdom in opposition to the true
How different are the primeval star-pictures
of the heavens. There, the club is lifted up, the foot is coming down,
yea, the foot is actually planted upon the enemy, treading the Scorpion
Rome may corrupt the words of the Book,
but she cannot touch the stars of heaven! The Devil himself cannot move
them from their places. He may choose and use his servants and agents for
corrupting the Scriptures written in the Book, but he cannot change the
Revelation of the stars.
There,--no woman's foot is seen upon the
Serpent's head! There,--no woman usurps the place of the all-glorious Redeemer!
In Ophiuchus we see HIM in dread
conflict with the Serpent, and we see HIS foot upon the Scorpion's heart
(SCORPIO). We see HIM, the Risen Lamb (ARIES), binding Cetus, the
great Monster of the Deep; we see HIM in the glorious Orion, whose
foot is coming down on the enemy's head (Lepus); we see HIM in the
Lion of the Tribe of Judah (LEO), about to tread down that Old Serpent
(Hydra) the Devil; we see HIM in the mighty Hercules, who
has His foot on the head of the Dragon (DRACO), and His up-lifted
club about to inflict the long-threatened blow; we see HIM crowned in Cepheus,
with all His enemies subdued, and His right foot planted upon the Polar
True, we do see a WOMAN in this heavenly
and Divine revelation; for there are four women. Two are connected with
the REDEEMER, and two with the REDEEMED. The Redeemer is seen in the one
(VIRGO) as the "promised Seed"; in the other (Coma), He is seen
as the child born, the Son given. The redeemed are represented in one as
a captive chained (Andromeda), with no power to wage conflict
with an enemy, but a prey to every foe; in the other (Cassiopeia),
she is enthroned, with no necessity for conflict. For with one hand
she waves the palm of a victory which another (Perseus) has wrought
on her behalf, while with her right hand she is preparing and making herself
ready for "the marriage of the Lamb."
Thus pure and undefiled is this primeval
fountain of Divine truth. Thus harmonious is it with the written Word of
God. And He who gave them both to enlighten a dark world which lieth in
the power of this wicked one, has filled both with one subject--"The sufferings
of Christ and the glory that should follow."
These are set forth by the Holy Spirit
in a double sevenfold expansion of the prophetic promise of Genesis 3:15,
giving seven steps in His humiliation and seven in His glorification (Phil
* The passage consists
really of two members, each of which is arranged as an introversion, where
the subject of 1 corresponds to 7; 2 corresponds to 6; etc.
Who, being in the form of God, thought it
not robbery (a thing to be grasped at and held) to be equal with God;
But made Himself of no reputation (Gr. emptied
And took upon Him the form of a servant.
And was made in the likeness of men:
And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled
And became obedient unto death,
Even the death of the cross.
"Come, then, and, added to Thy many
God also hath highly exalted Him,
And given Him a name which is above every
That at the name of Jesus every knee should
Of things in heaven,
And things on earth,
And things under the earth;
And that every tongue shall confess that Jesus
Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Amen.
Receive yet one, the crown of all the
Thou who alone art worthy! It was thine
By ancient covenant, ere Nature's birth;
And Thou hast made it Thine by purchase
And overpaid its value with Thy blood.
Thy saints procalim Thee king; and in
Thy title is engraven with a pen
Dipp'd in the fountain of eternal love.
Thy saints proclaim Thee king; and Thy
Gives courage to their foes, who, could
The dawn of Thy last advent, long desired,
Would creep into the bowels of the hills,
And flee for safety to the falling rocks."
"Come, then, and, added to Thy many crowns,
Receive yet one, as radiant as the rest,
Due to Thy last and most effectual work,
Thy Word fulfilled, the conquest of a
Chapter 3 | Table of Contents | For Signs and Seasons